Sources of Business Finance

 

Sources of business finance can be studied under the following heads:

(1) Short Term Finance:

Short-term finance is needed to fulfill the current needs of business. The current needs may include payment of taxes, salaries or wages, repair expenses, payment to creditor etc. The need for short term finance arises because sales revenues and purchase payments are not perfectly same at all the time. Sometimes sales can be low as compared to purchases. Further sales may be on credit while purchases are on cash. So short term finance is needed to match these disequilibrium.

Sources of short term finance are as follows:

(i) Bank Overdraft: Bank overdraft is very widely used source of business finance. Under this client can draw certain sum of money over and above his original account balance. Thus it is easier for the businessman to meet short term unexpected expenses.

(ii) Bill Discounting: Bills of exchange can be discounted at the banks. This provides cash to the holder of the bill which can be used to finance immediate needs.

(iii) Advances from Customers: Advances are primarily demanded and received for the confirmation of orders However, these are also used as source of financing the operations necessary to execute the job order.

(iv) Installment Purchases: Purchasing on installment gives more time to make payments. The deferred payments are used as a source of financing small expenses which are to be paid immediately.

(v) Bill of Lading: Bill of lading and other export and import documents are used as a guarantee to take loan from banks and that loan amount can be used as finance for a short time period.

(vi) Financial Institutions: Different financial institutions also help businessmen to get out of financial difficulties by providing short-term loans. Certain co-operative societies can arrange short term financial assistance for businessmen.

(vii) Trade Credit: It is the usual practice of the businessmen to buy raw material, store and spares on credit. Such transactions result in increasing accounts payable of the business which are to be paid after a certain time period. Goods are sold on cash and payment is made after 30, 60, or 90 days. This allows some freedom to businessmen in meeting financial difficulties.

(2) Medium Term Finance:

This finance is required to meet the medium term (1-5 years) requirements of the business. Such finances are basically required for the balancing, modernization and replacement of machinery and plant. These are also needed for re-engineering of the organization. They aid the management in completing medium term capital projects within planned time. Following are the sources of medium term finance:

(i) Commercial Banks: Commercial banks are the major source of medium term finance. They provide loans for different time-period against appropriate securities. At the termination of terms the loan can be re-negotiated, if required.

(ii) Hire Purchase: Hire purchase means buying on installments. It allows the business house to have the required goods with payments to be made in future in agreed installment. Needless to say that some interest is always charged on outstanding amount.

(iii) Financial Institutions: Several financial institutions such as SME Bank, Industrial Development Bank, etc., also provide medium and long-term finances. Besides providing finance they also provide technical and managerial assistance on different matters.

(iv) Debentures and TFCs: Debentures and TFCs (Terms Finance Certificates) are also used as a source of medium term finances. Debentures is an acknowledgement of loan from the company. It can be of any duration as agreed among the parties. The debenture holder enjoys return at a fixed rate of interest. Under Islamic mode of financing debentures has been replaced by TFCs.

(v) Insurance Companies: Insurance companies have a large pool of funds contributed by their policy holders. Insurance companies grant loans and make investments out of this pool. Such loans are the source of medium term financing for various businesses.

(3) Long Term Finance:

Long term finances are those that are required on permanent basis or for more than five years tenure. They are basically desired to meet structural changes in business or for heavy modernization expenses. These are also needed to initiate a new business plan or for a long term developmental projects. Following are its sources:

(i) Equity Shares: This method is most widely used all over the world to raise long term finance. Equity shares are subscribed by public to generate the capital base of a large scale business. The equity share holders shares the profit and loss of the business. This method is safe and secured, in a sense that amount once received is only paid back at the time of wounding up of the company.

(ii) Retained Earnings: Retained earnings are the reserves which are generated from the excess profits. In times of need they can be used to finance the business project. This is also called ploughing back of profits.

(iii) Leasing: Leasing is also a source of long term finance. With the help of leasing, new equipment can be acquired without any heavy outflow of cash.

(iv) Financial Institutions: Different financial institutions such as former PICIC also provide long term loans to business houses.

(v) Debentures: Debentures and Participation Term Certificates are also used as a source of long term financing.

Conclusion:

These are various sources of finance. In fact there is no hard and fast rule to differentiate among short and medium term sources or medium and long term sources. A source for example commercial bank can provide both a short term or a long term loan according to the needs of client. However, all these sources are frequently used in the modern business world for raising finances.

Corporate Finance Management

Corporate finance management is a branch of finance that refers to the management of financial resources of a company. The main objective of corporate financing is to maximize the company value by making proper allocation of financial resources, along with taking care of the financial risks. Finance management focuses on analyzing the financial problems and devising the universal solutions, which are applicable to all kind of companies.

There are various topics, which are covered under the study of corporate finance such as working capital management, inventory management, debtor’s management, dividend policy, short term and long term financing and financial risk management. Each of the above mentioned subjects make use of different financial tools in deciding the allocation and management of resources among most competing opportunities. It is one of the highly discussed topics due to its own importance in growing economy of any country.

Finance management is an absolute necessity for all types of business organizations. Earlier it used to be the part of overall finance management of a firm. But, over the last one decade, it has emerges as a separate discipline altogether. Today, in both large and medium sizes corporations, there is a dedicated department involved in taking care of the corporate finance management of the company.

Professionals involved in this profession have the responsibility to maximize the company’s profit, shareholder’s wealth, capital budgeting and identifying the areas of financial resource allocation. Since, the areas involved in the discipline are critical and thus require special set of skills in the professionals for efficient handling of the job responsibility. One of the best ways to get into organizational financing is get enrolled into finance management courses, offered by various finance institutes across the country.

Courses in finance help the students to plan and act to resolve the whole conundrum of finance. The course curriculum of the finance courses includes a detailed study of different subjects like micro and macro economics, accountancy, personal and corporate finance, merchant banking, investment banking, financial markets and derivatives, the venture capital, mergers and acquisitions and many others. The detailed study of these subjects gives an overview to the students about the true picture of the industry. Finance courses are a gateway to enter into the world of corporate financing. The future in corporate financing is very bright and is likely to show tremendous growth for next few years to come ahead, which is a positive sign for the aspiring students.

Reach Out to People on Social Media Sites to Generate Finance Auto Leads

The traditional ways of marketing via telephone calls and advertisements in newspapers and business magazines still exists; however more and more car sellers these days are turning to the Internet in search for finance auto lead. It is because today, a rising number of people prefer to shop for cars and such other necessary items over the Internet. Thus, the easiest way to get noticed is by maintaining an online presence on the different social networking sites, websites, and blogs.

Who are finance auto leads?

Finance auto leads are customers who are eager to buy a car but don’t have the money in hand for investing purpose. They look for suitable finance options to urgently purchase a car of their favorite make. All auto lending institutions looking for special finance leads must run one or multiple car leads sites containing fresh, updated content. The car shoppers looking to gather updated information about auto loans must get all kinds of car related information from your site. If you somehow manage to impress the potential customers chances are you will start getting lots of new customers thereby skyrocketing your sales and profit margin.

How to convert potential auto buyers into customers?

As an auto dealer, you must open a page on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Google+ to reach out to maximum people within a short span of time. The social media profile pages can be template-based, and must contain interesting content along with photos and videos to attract and retain the visitors. The whole purpose behind maintaining a social media profile page is to provide useful information that the potential auto buyers are looking for. The auto buyers can inquire about the newly launched cars, their prices and features, about auto insurance, auto loans, and more. As a dealer, you must provide comprehensive information about the various aspects of the automotive industry.

Why social networking?

Social media sites are also known as social networking sites. Let me explain the logic behind the term “networking site”. A user visits your Facebook page, likes your post or multiple posts, and shares the posts on his page so that all his friends and followers can see the same. In this way, a good post gets noticed and shared by a lot of people. This is the viral effect of the social media websites. Within a moment, you will see an increasing number of fans and followers liking, commenting, and sharing your social media content with their extended network of friends and associates.

To get a good number of finance auto lead, auto dealerships must explore every popular social media web platform that has a growing number of active users. Till date, Facebook happens to top the list of most popular social media website.

Social media is all about getting referrals

The main business goal behind opening pages on social media sites is to get maximum referrals. The topmost benefit of social media sites is that they help in getting lots of potential customers by making a post instantly popular.